Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (Rohingya) in Bangladesh: Governance Challenges and Way out
The intrusion of forcibly displaced Myanmar nationals (Rohingya) in Bangladesh is a long-standing crisis. During the period between 1978 and 2017, the Rohingya people took shelter in Bangladesh after fleeing from torture and repression of the Myanmar government. In 1978, some 2,00,000 Rohingyas came to Bangladesh, among whom 1,80,000 returned through bi-lateral discussion and repatriation process, 10,000 died, and 10,000 remained missing. In 1982, the Rohingyas were discarded from citizenship in the newly adopted citizenship law by the Myanmar government, following which a stressful relationship was created between the government and Rohingyas. The influx continued and more Rohingyas came in 1991, 2012, 2014 and 2016. In August of 2017, the influx was massive in terms of volume and time. About 80% of them were women and children. The United Nations has called the Rohingyas “the world’s most persecuted minority group” and described the atrocities by Myanmar’s authorities as “ethnic cleansing”. Amnesty International has described it as a “crime against humanity”.