Corruption in Service Sectors: National Household Survey 2015 - Executive Summary (English)
It is widely recognised that corruption is one of the major obstacles to poverty reduction and development in Bangladesh. Issues around corruption are central to everyday discussions and concerns of general people, and occupy much of the spaces in mass media. National policies and strategic papers have emphasised on establishing good governance, enforcing law, and creating a people friendly and pro-poor administrative system in order for effective prevention of corruption. In the general election held in 2014 the central point of election manifestos of different political parties1, particularly the major parties of the present ruling coalition affirms their commitment to resist corruption effectively.
Corruption can occur at various levels of national and socio-economic activities. Corruption occurs in the form of illegal transactions of large sums of money by abuse of power through the network of the influentials at the level of policy formulation in politics, administration and private sector. This network of corruption negatively affects country’s socio-economic aspects both at micro and macro levels.This type of corruption is usually called grand corruption. On the other hand, the service recipients in various sectors become victims of different types of corruption and irregularities in receiving their legitimate services from service providers. For example, payment of small amount of money in addition to official charges to get services is a common form of corruption at this level. This type of corruption is known as petty corruption that impacts everyday life of millions of common citizens. The present survey has captured people’s experience of such corruption in receiving services from various service sectors.
A snapshot of the corruption that the households in Bangladesh faced from November 2014 to October 2015 has been captured in this survey. Along with the overall corruption picture of 2015 a comparative picture of corruption in 2012 has been drawn wherever possible.