Use and Effectiveness of Effluent Treatment Plants (ETPs) in the Garments Industry of Bangladesh: a Water Sector Integrity Perspective
The textile and ready-made garments (RMG) industry is a major driver of the Bangladesh economy, accounting for nearly 80% of export earnings and contributing more than 12% of national GDP. ‘Madein-Bangladesh’ is an internationally recognized badge of quality and has bolstered the country’s image worldwide. Annual turnover of nearly 23 billion USD is predicted to more than double to 50 billion USD by 2021 and rise again to 87 billion by 2030 (Arup, 2014; BGMEA 2016). About 95% of the factories are Bangladeshi owned and about 80% of the 4.4 million employees are women.