Corruption in Bangladesh is endemic and permeates through all levels of society. Not much progress can be made without reforming the institutions that foster and maintain corrupt practices through political patronage, a close and pervasive link between bureaucrats and politicians, and a weak implementation of law and regulation.
Understanding the nature and magnitude of corruption through research and surveys is vital in creating awareness and demand for fighting corruption and establishing transparent and accountable governance. Anti-corruption research is, therefore, one of the key components of the projects implemented by TIB till date.
TIB undertakes various types of research with objectives in line with its vision and mission. Such objectives include generating knowledge, measuring magnitude and impacts of corruption, initiating policy dialogue, informing common people, offering recommendations, and bringing in positive changes in the concerned sector or institution.
Types of Research
Diagnostic studies are in-depth analytical research on sectors or institutions where the level of corruption is perceived to be high. Diagnostic studies usually determine the nature, extent and implications of corruption in a particular sector or institution and make specific recommendations for policy reform and/or institutional change.
Monitoring the National Integrity System
Good governance is not possible if the key institutions of democracy and the national integrity system (NIS) fail to function effectively. TIB has been carrying out a regular research-cum-monitoring series titled ‘Parliament-Watch’ on the legislative branch. The key focus of its research and campaign is also on the key pillars of the NIS such as the Judiciary, the Anti-corruption Commission, the Election Commission, the Public Service Commission, the law-enforcing agencies, the Comptroller & Auditor General’s Office, the media and so on.
Citizens’ Report Card
TIB has been applying the citizens’ report card (CRC) method for assessing the level of satisfaction of the service recipients in terms of the content and quality of services provided by the public service delivery institutions. The CRCs are used as key tools of advocacy to reduce corruption and enhance transparency and accountability in public service delivery institutions in education, health, local government, and other public service delivery institutions at the grassroots.
Corruption Database is an on-going round-the-year effort of TIB to create a storehouse of knowledge on the nature, magnitude, form, depth, spread and implications of corruption in Bangladesh. Reports on corruption in leading national and regional daily news papers are the source of information for the database. Analytical reports subject to corroboration are prepared periodically and reported for public information. The database is also a key source of information for selection of in-depth studies and follow-up policy advocacies.
National Household Survey
National household surveys on corruption in Bangladesh capture people’s experiences regarding corruption in selected sectors of public service. The surveys are not about perception or opinion, but factual information provided by households on how they have experienced corruption while receiving a service in a given period, its nature, dimension, type and implications.
Fact Finding Studies
Responding to the demand raised from the local communities, TIB has undertaken a number of fact finding studies on the local public institutions. These studies are investigative in nature, and attempt to find the causes of corrupt practices that affect the services these institutions provide.
Position/ Working Papers
TIB produces position/ working papers on contemporary issues related to mal-governance and issues of public concern. These range from any initiative to change a public policy that may jeopardize efforts to establish good governance to promote or generate a discussion issue that currently is or going to be an issue of public interest.
Collaborative and Cross-country Studies
TIB is often engaged in studies jointly undertaken by like-minded organizations. It also takes part in studies and surveys conducted in several countries under the initiatives taken by the TI. TIB has contributed to the Global Corruption Report – a regular and one of the core research tools implemented by the TI.